“Assalamu alaikum” is a common greeting among Muslims, meaning “Peace to you.” It is an Arabic phrase, but Muslims from around the world use this greeting, regardless of their language background.
The appropriate response is “Wa alaikum assalaam” (And unto you peace.)
salaam alaykum, assalaam alaykum, assalaam alaikum, and others
- “Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullah” (May the peace and mercy of Allah be with you)
- “Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh” (May the peace, mercy, and blessings of Allah be with you)
The Quran reminds believers to reply to a greeting with one of equal or greater value: “When a courteous greeting is offered you, meet it with a greeting still more courteous, or at least of equal courtesy. Allah takes careful account of all things” (4:86). These variations are used to extend the level of the greeting.
Use in Prayer
At the end of formal Islamic prayers, while sitting on the floor, Muslims turn their heads to the right and then to the left, greeting those gathered with “Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullah” on each side.
Used in eid
This greeting is basically the “hello” for non muslims, so its used every time 2 Muslims meet. it includes the occasions like eid when Muslims meet they start with “aslam alikum” then move to eid greetings like “eid mubarak”.